Note 8 – Depreciation and amortization

Depreciation/amortization Group Parent Company
SEK m 2017 2016 2017 2016
Goodwill  –  – 100
Customer relations  34 29  –
Capitalized development expenses  10 12  7 9
Trademarks and licenses  6 7  4 3
Buildings and land improvements  15 11  1 1
Plant and equipment  108 100  4 4
Total depreciation/amortization  174 159  16 117

The goodwill of the Parent Company was fully amortized as of December 31, 2016.

Depreciation/amortization are included in the cost for each function as follows:

   Group  Parent Company
SEK m 2017 2016 2017 2016
Cost of goods sold  106 96  2 3
Selling expenses  7 7  –
Administrative expenses  26 27  14 15
Research and development expenses  0 0  0 0
Other operating expenses  34 29  – 100
Total depreciation/amortization  173 159  16 117

Depreciation/amortization reported under the heading “Other operating expenses” for the Parent Company in the table above relates entirely to amortization of goodwill.

Impairment  Group Parent Company
SEK m 2017  2016 2017  2016
Capitalized development expenses  –  –
Buildings and land improvements  –  –
Plant and equipment  –  –
Construction in progress and advance payments for tangible fixed assets  –  –
Total impairment  0 0  0 0

Impairment is included in the cost for each function as follows:

Group Parent Company
SEK m 2017 2016 2017 2016
Selling expenses  –  –
Other operating expenses  –  –
Total impairment  0 0  0 0